IODP-PAGES Workshop on Global Monsoon in Long-term Records

07.09 - 09.09.2017  
Shanghai, China
Contact person:
Enqing Huang, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Workshop report: 
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The IODP-PAGES Workshop on Global Monsoon in Long-term Records will be held from 7-9 September 2017 at Tongji University, Shanghai, China.


Lecture Hall, Yifu Building, Tongji University, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092, China.


Over the past years, six IODP expeditions were devoted to monsoon (Figure 1). At the 2015 IODP Forum in Canberra, Australia, a proposal was adopted to organize a Global Monsoon workshop to integrate results of monsoon investigations with contributions of the IODP expeditions. The PAGES Working Group on Global Monsoon had just finished its ten-year activities. After several runs of discussions, it was decided to convene an IODP-PAGES Global Monsoon Workshop in Shanghai in 2017.

Scientific program

The workshop will review the research progress of the monsoon-related IODP as well as ODP expeditions, in order to compare the monsoon records between different regions and to explore the driving mechanisms of monsoon variabilities at tectonic, orbital and sub-orbital time scales.

Major questions to be addressed during the workshop include:
1. Applicability of the Global Monsoon concept at geological time scales: Are there coherent variabilities among regional monsoons?
2. Response of regional monsoons to external forcing and internal feedback: What are the major driving mechanisms of monsoon variability?
3. Initiation of the current monsoon systems: When did the modern regional monsoon systems establish? Where are the key areas to collect the crucial long-term records of monsoon evolutions and variability?
4. The use of monsoon proxies: Are there common proxies indicative of global monsoon?
5. The role of monsoon in global climate system: Which role does the monsoon system play in the global hydrological cycle on the geological timescale? How are monsoons related to other components in the climate system such as the westerlies and El Niño?


Major topics to be discussed at the workshop include:

- Global and regional aspects of monsoon systems: Regional monsoons differ from each other and have been studied so far in separation. To which extent the regional monsoons vary coherently and can be studied as a global system?
- Global monsoon and hydrological cycle: Monsoons are central to variations of the hydrological cycle in the low and middle latitudes. Closely associated with trade winds and the El Niño, is the global monsoon a key to understanding of the world hydrological cycle?
- Establishment of the modern regional monsoon systems: IODP expeditions have recovered long-term records of the regional monsoons. How much do we know about the history of monsoon systems, particularly the inception of the modern regional monsoons?
- Potential proxies of the global monsoon: Numerous proxies have been used in regional monsoon reconstructions, but which proxies have the potential to indicate global monsoon? Can we quantify the paleo-intensity of global monsoon?


The workshop will consist of plenary sessions and discussions, with a half-day group discussion:

Wednesday 6 September
14:00-20:00: On-site registration, Kingswell Hotel Tongji.
19:30-21:00: Scientific Committee meeting.

Thursday 7 September
An all-day plenary session. Invited presentations of monsoon-related IODP/ODP cruises and representatives of PAGES Global Monsoon Working Group.

8:30-8:40 Pinxian Wang Introduction  
8:40-9:10 Bin Wang Global monsoon across time scales  
9:10-9:40 Hai Cheng Global monsoon in speleothem records  
9:40-10:10 Heiko Pälike Towards a Cenozoic "Megasplice" of climate history: Hemispheric climate response to astronomical forcing during the past 35 m.y.  
10:10-10:30   Coffee break  
10:30-11:00 Ryuji Tada Onset and evolution of the millennial-scale variability of East Asian Summer Monsoon and its tight linkage with AMOC during the last 1.45 Ma 346
Japan Sea
11:00-11:30 Steven Clemens IODP Expedition 353 Preliminary Results

Bengal Bay

11:30-12:00 Wolfgang Kuhnt Indian monsoon and Indian Ocean deep-intermediate circulation variability in a warmer world: Exploring the Miocene-Pliocene sediment archives of IODP Expedition 353 353
Bengal Bay
12:00-13:30   Lunch  
13:30-14:00 Christian France-Lanord Expedition 354 on the Bengal fan: implications on Neogene erosion regime, climate and vegetation 354
Bengal Fan
14:00-14:30 Volkhard Spiess How to Decipher Erosion and Weathering Signals in a Deep Sea Fan Setting – The Expedition 354 Transect Approach and Future Ideas and Initiatives in the Bay of Bengal 354
Bengal Fan
14:30-15:00 Dhananjai K. Pandey Scientific drilling in the Arabian Sea (IODP Expedition 355): Climate-tectonic interactions in the Western Himalaya 355
Arabian Sea
15:00-15:30 Peter D. Clift Environmental Change in SW Asia since the Miocene Recorded by IODP Expedition 355 355
Arabian Sea
15:30-15:50   Coffee break  
15:50-16:20 Stephen J. Gallagher The history of the Australian monsoon on the Australian Northwest Shelf: preliminary results from IODP Expedition 356 356
Austral. shelf
16:20-16:50 Christian Betzler The Indian Ocean record of sea level and of the South Asian Monsoon winds (IODP Expedition 359, Maldives) 359
Indian Ocean
16:50-17:20 Yair Rosenthal Expedition 363: Neogene and Quaternary records of Western Pacific Warm Pool paleoceanography 363
Warm Pool
17:20-17:40 Ann Holbourn Neogene evolution of the Australian monsoon: New records from IODP Expedition 363 “Western Pacific Warm Pool” 363
Warm Pool
18:00-20:00   Conference dinner  

Friday 8 September
Morning: Plenary session (continued).
Afternoon: Group discussion.

8:30-9:00 Peter deMenocal N. African monsoon African
9:00-9:30 Lucas Lourens The Mediterranean Plio-Pleistocene: A reference frame for astronomically paced low and high latitude climate changes African
9:30-10:00 Paul Baker Nature and causes of past variation in the South American summer monsoon American
10:00-10:20   Coffee break  
10:20-10:50 Mark Maslin Reconstructing past variation in the South American Summer Monsoon system: Can the ‘dynamic boundary-monsoon intensity hypothesis’ be applied globally? American
10:50-11:10 Luc Beaufort How coccolithophores are recording global monsoon in the Indo Pacific tropical areas? American
11:10-11:40 Pinxian Wang Global monsoon in paleo-records: Perspectives and recommendations American
11:40-12:00   Preparation for group discussions  
12:00-13:30   Lunch  
13:30-15:30 Convener Ryuji Tada Group 1 discussions  
13:30-15:30 Convener Steve Clemens Group 2 discussions  
15:30-15:50   Coffee break  
15:50-17:20   Plenary Session group reports and general discussions  

Saturday 9 September
8:30-12:00: Plenary session: Discussions and presentations (including short presentations and post session).
13:30-16:00: Discussions on recommendations for further researches.

8:30-8:45 Arun Deo Singh Millennial scale variations in Indian summer and winter monsoon: the Arabian Sea record
8:45-9:00 Zhengyu Liu Correlation and anti-correlation of East Asia summer and winter monsoons, roles of different forcing mechanisms
9:00-9:15 Steve Clemens Paleomonsoon water-isotope proxies verified, linked to precipitation amount
9:15-9:30 Beth Christensen Indonesian Throughflow drove Australian climate from humid Pliocene to arid Pleistocene
9:30-10:30 To be determined Short oral-presentation continued - Places available
10:30-10:50   Coffee Break
10:50-12:00   Poster Session
12:00-13:30   Lunch
13:30-16:00   Plenary Session: Discussions on Recommendations for Further Researches

Please note that the morning program on 9 September is still open for additional presentations in forms of short talks (15 minutes each) or posters. All presentations should address the five major questions discussed on the workshop. Potential authors are invited to send the title and abstract directly to Enqing Huang (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) before 27 August.

Sunday 10 September
Joint field excursion with IODP Forum meeting participants to Suzhou City. Expect to start from 08:00 and be back at the hotel at about 18:00: More details to be released during the meeting.

Scientific Committee

Pinxian Wang, Tongji University, China (Chair)
Ryuji Tada, University of Tokyo, Japan
Rick Murray, Boston University, US
Steve Clemens, Brown University, US
Liping Zhou, Peking University, China
Zhimin Jian, Tongji University, China
Marie-France Loutre, PAGES

Participation and registration

The workshop will be limited to ~80 participants and mainly be invited by the organizer. There is no registration fee for participants but the local organizer will cover the expenses of three working lunches, a banquet dinner and the field excursion to Suzhou City.

Important dates

15 July: Deadline for abstract submission
11 August: Deadline for hotel reservation
6 September 14:00-20:00: On-site registration, Kingswell Hotel Tongji
7-9 September: Scientific program, Lecture Hall (second floor), Yifu Building, Tongji University
10 September: Joint field excursion with the IODP Forum meeting participants


Additional papers addressing the above topics for oral or poster presentations will also be accepted. Deadline is 15 July. Potential participants should send their abstract to the Secretariat:
Dr. Shaoting Tuo
IODP-China Office
Tel: +86 21 6598 2198
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Please prepare your poster using A0 size (width x height, 841mm x 1189mm)


A group booking has been made at Kingswell Hotel Tongji, 50 Zhangwu Road, Shanghai 200092, China. The local host will help participants to make hotel reservations. The participants need to finish a hotel reservation form and return it to the meeting secretariat before 11 August.

Visa requirements

Important! Foreign citizens must obtain a Chinese visa before entry into China, with the exception of visa-free entry based on relevant agreements or regulations. Particiapnts are strongly advised to check with their nearest Chinese Embassy or Consulate or travel agent on visa requirements.

The local organizer will provide the invitation letter to support the visa application. Participants may find more information concerning the Chinese visa application at

Further information

Secretariat IODP-China is the local host of the workshop. For more information please contact: Jun Tian, The IODP-China Office, 86-21-65980356, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; Enqing Huang, Tongji University, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; Wentao Ma, Tongji University, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; Xixi Shen, Tongji University, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Read about the achievements of the Global Monsoon working group here.


Figure 1:iodp exped glob mons